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Coat of arms of Manitoba

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Arms of Manitoba
The unofficial arms, in use until 1905
ArmigerCharles III in Right of Manitoba
Adopted1905, augmented 1992
CrestUpon a helm in trian aspect Or mantled Gules doubled Argent and wreathed of these colours a beaver sejeant upholding with its back a representation of the Royal Crown proper its dexter forepaw raised holding a prairie crocus (Anemone patens) slipped also proper.[1]
ShieldVert on a Rock a Bison statant proper, on a Chief Argent the cross of St. George.
SupportersDexter a unicorn Argent armed crined and unguled Or gorged with a mural coronet Vert masoned and encircled with maple leaves Argent pendant therefrom the wheel of a Red River cart Vert sinister a horse Argent crined queued and unguled Or gorged with a collar of Prairie Indian beadwork proper pendant therefrom a cycle of life medallion Vert
CompartmentA mound bearing seven prairie crocuses slipped proper between to the dexter a wheat field Or and to the sinister a forest of white spruce (Picea glauca) proper the whole rising above barry wavy Argent and Azure
Glorious and Free
Earlier version(s)Vert three garbs in fess Or, a chief per pale, dexter the Union Badge of 1707, sinister azure three fleurs-de-lis Or

The coat of arms of Manitoba is the heraldic symbol representing the Canadian province of Manitoba. The arms contains symbols reflecting Manitoba's British heritage along with local symbols. At the upper part of the shield is the red cross of St. George, representing England. On the left, the unicorn represents Scotland. The lower portion of the shield features a bison standing atop a rock on a green background, a symbol of First Nations peoples of the area who derived food and clothing from the animal.

The original arms, consisting of only the shield, were granted by royal warrant of King Edward VII on 10 May 1905.[1][2] The arms were further augmented with supporters, a crest, and motto, by a warrant of then-Governor General Ramon Hnatyshyn on 23 October 1992.

The shield also features on the provincial flag.


The coat of arms was augmented on 23 October 1992 by a vice-regal warrant of then-Governor General Ramon Hnatyshyn to include a crest, supporters, and motto.[1][2][3]



The helmet above the shield is gold and faces left, a symbol of Manitoba's co-sovereign status in Confederation. The mantling is in the national colours of Canada. The crest is a beaver, Canada's national animal, holding a prairie crocus, Manitoba's provincial flower. The crest is surmounted by a crown, representing royal sovereignty.


On the white chief is the Cross of Saint George, a symbol of England. The bison is a symbolic reminder of the various bison that formerly roamed the province. The remainder of the coat of arms was granted in 1992.


The compartment represents a diverse landscape.


The beadwork and Red River wheel allude to Manitoba's past, while the maple leaf is the national emblem of Canada.


The motto is Gloriosus et Liber, "glorious and free," a line taken from the English lyrics to the Canadian national anthem "O Canada."[3]


Beaver, Bison, Horse, Unicorn

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "The Coat of Arms, Emblems and the Manitoba Tartan Act". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  2. ^ a b Canada Heritage (March 2003). "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols across Canada". Archived from the original on 16 May 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Travel Manitoba – Quick Facts – Manitoba Emblems". Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2008.

External links[edit]